This book is the product of almost twenty years of work on ancient Indian Buddhism. I began studying Buddhist archaeology as a graduate student at the University of Michigan in 1995. I continued my research while working at Albion College, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, and the University of Arizona. During this time my research has been greatly helped by the guidance and insights of my peers, professors, colleagues, and students. I particularly thank Dr. Carla Sinopoli for her time, advice, and encouragement. This book synthesizes, modifies, and extends on my previous publications. This book would not have been possible without the efforts of the editors and reviewers who have carefully combed through my previous book and articles, poking holes in my arguments and suggesting new avenues to consider. Small portions of this book were adapted from previous publications. For the most part, these sections are only few paragraphs. In some cases, I have adapted a few pages. These sections have all been modified or amended based upon my current understanding of Buddhism and the needs of this particular work.
I would like to thank my colleagues and mentors in India. In particu- lar, Dr. Himanshu P. Ray and Dr. Aloka Parasher-Sen have helped shape my thinking about ancient India. While conducting research in India, I received the invaluable assistance of the American Institute of Indian Studies. Without their efforts to obtain permits and facilitate introductions, my archaeological research would never have occurred. The research that informs portions of Chapter 4 of this book was greatly facilitated by the Andhra Pradesh Department of Archaeology and Museums, particularly Dr. B. Subrahmanyam and Dr. E. Sivanagi Reddy. I also thank the many students from Deccan College and Jawaharlal Nehru University who have worked with me in the field over the years. In the last two decades, my research has been supported by several organizations. The greatest assistance has come from the Wenner-Gren Foundation, who supported my dissertation fieldwork in India (Gr. 6597) and allowed me to dedicate the 2012–2013 academic year to writing this (x) Acknowledgments book through a Hunt Postdoctoral Fellowship (Gr. 8470). The University of Michigan, Albion College, the University of Arizona, and the American Institute of Indian Studies have also provided critical support for my
research in India over the years. I also thank the Archaeological Survey of India and the Andhra Pradesh Department of Archaeology and Museums for graciously allowing me access to their collections and providing logistical support for my field research.
I thank Stefan Vranka of Oxford University Press for his initial support of this project and his unflagging aid in getting it from proposal, to manuscript, to book. I thank Samantha Fladd for her help with the research that informs significant portions of Chapter 6. The manuscript benefited greatly from the suggestions of Dr. Emma Blake, Dr. Alice Ritscherle, and two anonymous reviewers. Finally, I thank Alice, for everything.